PCB board of different colors, China PCB board manufacturer

2019-10-19 18:43:12 Juding Circuit Technology 324

The variety of PCB boards currently available in the market is varied and dazzling. The more common PCB boards are green, black, blue, yellow, purple, red and brown. Some manufacturers have also developed PCBs of different colors such as white and pink.

PCB board of different colors

    Generally speaking, black PCBs seem to be positioned at the high end, while red and yellow are low-end dedicated. Is that the case?

    In the production of PCB boards, the copper layer is manufactured by addition or subtraction, and finally a smooth and unprotected surface is obtained. Although the chemical properties of copper are not as active as aluminum, iron, magnesium, etc., in the presence of water, pure copper and oxygen are easily oxidized; because of the presence of oxygen and water vapor in the air, the surface of pure copper is in contact with air. The oxidation reaction will occur soon. Since the thickness of the copper layer in the PCB circuit board is very thin, the oxidized copper will become a poor conductor of electricity, which will greatly impair the electrical performance of the entire PCB.

    In order to prevent copper oxidation, and to separate the soldered and non-welded parts of the PCB during soldering, and to protect the surface of the PCB board, design engineers have invented a special coating. This coating can be easily applied to the surface of a PCB to form a protective layer with a certain thickness and to block copper and air contact. This layer of coating is called a solder mask and the material used is a solder resist.

    Since it is called lacquer, it must have a different color. Yes, the original solder resist can be made colorless and transparent, but the PCB often needs to print small text on the board for maintenance and manufacturing convenience. The transparent solder resist can only reveal the background color of the PCB, so that the appearance is not good enough whether it is manufactured, repaired or sold. So engineers added a variety of colors to the solder resist, and finally formed a black or red, blue PCB. However, the black PCB is difficult to see the trace, and there will be certain difficulties in maintenance.

    From this point of view, the color of the PCB board has nothing to do with the quality of the PCB. The difference between a black PCB and a blue PCB, a yellow PCB, and other color PCBs is that the color of the solder resist on the final brush is different. If the PCB design and manufacturing process are exactly the same, the color will not have any effect on the performance and will not have any effect on the heat dissipation. Regarding the black PCB, since the surface traces are almost completely covered, it causes great difficulty in the later maintenance, so it is a color that is not convenient to manufacture and use. Therefore, in recent years, people have gradually reformed, abandoned the use of black solder resist paint, and turned to use dark green, dark brown, dark blue and other solder resist paint, the purpose is to facilitate manufacturing and maintenance.

    Having said that, everyone has basically understood the problem of PCB color. The reason why "colors represent high-end or low-end" is that manufacturers prefer to use black PCBs to make high-end products, which are caused by red, blue, green, yellow, etc. To sum up one sentence: the product gives the meaning of the color, not the color gives the meaning of the product.

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